Author Archives: BrainiYak

Guinea’s ebola outbreak appears to be caused by a previously unsequenced clade of the virus — concerning implications for all of West Africa 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to study Sylvain Baize, Delphine Pannetier, Lisa Oestereich, Toni Rieger, Lamine Koivogui, N’Faly Magassouba, Barrè Soropogui, Mamadou Saliou Sow, Sakoba Keïta, Hilde De Clerck, Amanda Tiffany, Gemma Dominguez, Mathieu Loua, Alexis Traoré, Moussa Kolié, Emmanuel Roland Malano, Emmanuel Heleze, Anne Bocquin, Stephane Mély, Hervé Raoul, Valérie Caro, Dániel Cadar, […]

What we thought we knew about neuronal myelination (probably) turns out not to be true — which leads me to wonder why we thought we knew what we apparently did not — a caveat against too complacently accepting scientific consensuses 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to study Giulio Srubek Tomassy, Daniel R. Berger, Hsu-Hsin Chen, Narayanan Kasthuri, Kenneth J. Hayworth, Alessandro Vercelli, H. Sebastian Seung, Jeff W. Lichtman, and Paola Arlotta, Distinct Profiles of Myelin Distribution Along Single Axons of Pyramidal Neurons in the Neocortex, Science 344(6181): 319-324, DOI: 10.1126/science.1249766 (18 April 2014) Citation […]

A newly discovered immunological twist — the innate immune system’s tissue resident natural killer cells — cops on specific organ beats — and apparently specifically evolved to perform that function 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to study Dorothy K Sojka, Beatrice Plougastel-Douglas, Liping Yang, Melissa A Pak-Wittel, Maxim N Artyomov, Yulia Ivanova, Chao Zhong, Julie M Chase, Paul B Rothman, Jenny Yu, Joan K Riley, Jinfang Zhu, Zhigang Tian, and Wayne M Yokoyama, Tissue-resident natural killer (NK) cells are cell lineages distinct from thymic […]

An Australian study of 453 pertussis isolates — shows that a part of whooping cough resurgence may be due to the bacterium’s evolved loss of the antigen — called pertactin — which the acellular vaccine prompts the immune system to react to 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to study Connie Lam, Sophie Octavia, Lawrence Ricafort, Vitali Sintchenko, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Nicholas Wood, Peter McIntyre, Helen Marshall, Nicole Guiso, Anthony D. Keil, Andrew Lawrence, Jenny Robson, Geoff Hogg, and Ruiting Lan, Rapid Increase in Pertactin-deficient Bordetella pertussis Isolates, Australia, Emerging Infectious Diseases 20(4): 626-633, DOI: 10.3201/eid2004.131478 (April […]

Questionable methodology and reasoning — characterize an industry-sponsored report — which states that American nutritional supplement use is higher than previously estimated 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to study Annette Dickinson, Judy Blatman, Neale El-Dash, and Julio C. Franco, Consumer Usage and Reasons for Using Dietary Supplements: Report of a Series of Surveys, Journal of the American College of Nutrition 33 (2): 176-182, DOI:10.1080/07315724.2013.875423 (14 April 2014) This is one of those abstracts that irritated me […]

Exotic state, 4 quark hadron confirmed — does not conform to conventional quark theory 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citations — to press releases Cian O’Luanaigh, LHCb confirms existence of exotic hadrons, CERN (09 April 2014) Syracuse University, New form of matter: Exotic hadron with two quarks, two anti-quarks confirmed, ScienceDaily (11 April 2014) Method From Syracuse University: “We analyzed tens of thousands of meson decays, selected from trillions of […]

Farming oysters on the Potomac riverbed could substantially reduce the stream’s algal eutrophication — which presumably would also help Chesapeake Bay — says a modeling effort — described in an exceptionally well written abstract 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to study Suzanne B. Bricker, Karen C. Rice, and Owen P. Bricker III, From Headwaters to Coast: Influence of Human Activities on Water Quality of the Potomac River Estuary, Aquatic Geochemistry 20 (2-3): 201-323, DOI: 10.1007/s10498-014-9226-y (May 2014) Citation — to press release Ben Sherman and Karen Rice, Oyster […]

A paper on uncertainty in regard to climate change — claims that greater uncertainty requires more action today — (basically the potential catastrophe and Precautionary Principles combined) — when one could just as well argue that more uncertainty means that inaction may be a wiser course, for at least some people and regions 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to studies Stephan Lewandowsky, James S. Risbey, Michael Smithson, Ben R. Newell, and John Hunter, Scientific uncertainty and climate change: Part I. Uncertainty and unabated emissions, Climate Change, DOI:10.1007/s10584-014-1082-7 (online publication, 04 April 2014) Stephan Lewandowsky, James S. Risbey, Michael Smithson, and Ben R. Newell, Scientific uncertainty and climate […]

An unwarranted conclusion based on spears found in the same sedimentary layer as a fossil saber toothed cat 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation — to press release Antje Karbe, Humans and saber toothed tiger met at Schöningen 300.000 years ago, Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen  (01 April 2014) The press release takes proximity to a surprising level of unwarranted inference The story: Scientists of the Lower Saxony Heritage Authority and of the University of […]

Frequency of alcohol consumption is apparently noticeably and positively correlated to the relative risk of dying from stroke — but this finding also serves as a reminder that absolute numbers are often more important in assessing whether to pay clinical attention to the correlation 0

© 2014 Peter Free Citation S. H. Rantakömi, S. Kurl, J. Sivenius, J. Kauhanen,  and J. A. Laukkanen, The frequency of alcohol consumption is associated with the stroke mortality, Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, DOI: 10.1111/ane.12243 (early online publication, 08 March 2014) Method and findings Researchers wanted to see whether frequency of alcohol consumption had an effect […]